Guidelines for Minor BurnsThe majority of minor burns would heal on their own. Some TLC at home is all you need to alleviate your symptoms and begin healing.

If you or someone in your household experiences a minor burn, keep in mind the following first aid guidelines:

  • Soothe the affected area by holding it under running, cool — not cold — water for about 10 minutes or until the pain subsides. Alternatively, you could also place a dampened, clean towel on the burn site.
  • Remove all jewelry or tight accessories/clothing from the burn site before it starts swelling.
  • Never break tiny blisters. If they do, clean them gently with water and soap, follow up with an antibiotic ointment, and then cover with non-stick gauze. If the blisters are intact, consider applying aloe vera gel or lotion to cool the burns.
  • If necessary, take a painkiller like an acetaminophen or ibuprofen to relieve pain. For urgent care, don't hesitate to get some help from professional clinics like
  • Visit the doctor if the burns develop huge blisters since these must be removed promptly to avoid infection. Likewise, get medical attention as soon as possible if the burned area is significantly large or if you see indications of infection, including increased, swelling, redness, and pain, and/or pus-like discharge from the blisters.

On the other hand, go to the hospital or call 911 immediately if you have major burns. In the meantime, make sure to remove all restrictive clothing and/or accessories, most especially if they’re near the neck, but don’t remove clothing that has already stuck to your skin.

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Do not immerse large burn areas in cold water, or you run the risk of developing hypothermia or a severe drop in blood flow and blood pressure. If you can, elevate the burned area above heart level and cover the affected site with a moist, cool cloth or non-stick bandage until help arrives. In addition, consider getting a tetanus shot or make certain that your booster is always up to date — every 10 years at least is recommended.

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