A leg ulcer is a chronic sore typically located right above the ankle or inside the lower leg. Those who are most at risk of developing venous leg ulcers are individuals who have previously been inflicted with a chronic leg ulcer, older and overweight people, and those with varicose veins.
How to Prevent Venous Leg Ulcers
According to studies, there is a high risk of developing another after a previous one heals in several months or years. To prevent the formation or recurrence of a venous leg ulcer, consider the following:
Use Compression Stockings
If you’ve had a venous leg ulcer before or if your doctor considers you susceptible to it, you’ll be advised to wear compression stockings. These stockings are specifically developed to continuously squeeze your legs to promote proper blood circulation. They are normally tightest around the ankle and looser up to support blood flow to your heart. You will be required to wear them as often as you can to maximize their efficiency.
Lose Excess Weight
If your weight is on the heavier side, losing excess pounds will aid in preventing venous ulcers. Overweight people are more susceptible to venous leg ulcers since excess weight puts too much pressure on their leg veins that lead to skin damage. To lose unwanted weight, a moderately intense exercise program performed at least 150 minutes a week is advised, as well as a healthy diet low in fat and cholesterol. If 150 minutes of moderate exercise is not possible, you can try 45 minutes of moderate exercise thrice weekly at least. In addition, elevate your legs while lounging around or sleeping and avoid standing or sitting for an extended duration.
Treat Any Underlying Medical Issues
In many instances, most especially with older and overweight people, varicose veins can also put them at risk of venous ulcers. Depending on the severity of the varicose veins, compression stockings, endothermal ablation, sclerotherapy, or surgery may be recommended.
It is important to note that while most venous ulcers can heal in four to six months, unless you address its underlying causes, recurrence is still highly possible.